State non-oil companies receive funds from Pdvsa and central bank
Venezuelan state-owned oil company Pdvsa is responsible for providing funds to the country's basic industries
However, the stimulus has not been enough. State-run companies are facing financial needs that are being met by state-owned oil company Pdvsa and the Central Bank of Venezuela (BCV).
In 2012, the oil industry and the BCV sent funds to state industries that according to some analysts were used to fill the industries' economic gaps.
BCV data reveals that by the end of 2012, the financial institution allocated some USD 3.6 billion to non-oil public companies.
Moreover, over the last two years, Pdvsa itself has received financial aid from by the BCV and in late 2012 further resources were allocated to Pdvsa and the non-oil state companies so they could meet their deficits.
Resources requested by the state oil company have been mainly oriented to meet obligations established by the Venezuelan Government, namely welfare programs, including housing; labor liabilities, the so-called mining arc in Guayana (south Venezuela), projects in agriculture, and an investment program for the basic industries, south Venezuela.
In an attempt to boost steel production, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez ordered Pdvsa to provide funds to state-owned steel company Sidor, yet the company's steel output by the end of 2012 was down 29.9% due to labor conflicts, spare parts and raw material shortage, and delays in the delivery of funds for investments.
Translated by Jhean Cabrera
Around 1.5 million Venezuelans have decided to emigrate in search of a better future for their families. The figure accounts to between 4% and 6% of the overall population. Approximately 88% of these expatriates have made up their mind to emigrate over the last 15 years.