Venezuela trims US dollars for imports; prompts Sucre
Central bank says over 300 companies use Sucre
In 2012, the Venezuelan Foreign Exchange Administration Commission (Cadivi) implemented a strategy to stimulate the Unified System for Regional Compensation (Sucre) as a mechanism to import and cut down the sale of US dollars for import via both regular operations and the Latin America Integration Association (Aladi).
Sucre is a common account unit worth USD 1.24, used by Member States of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (Alba); it allows Venezuelan enterprises to pay in bolivars imports from Cuba, Nicaragua, Bolivia, and Ecuador.
According to Cadivi's data, Sucre's overall operations in 2012 amounted to USD 2.75 billion, 478% above the figure recorded a year earlier.
In the meantime, regular operations via Cadivi accounted for USD 18.17 billion, 7% below those recorded in 2011. Moreover, bond sales under Aladi went down 4.5%.
In late 2012, BCV's President Nelson Merentes asserted that "300 enterprises operated under Sucre by the end of 2012, 99% of which belong to the private sector."
Translated by Jhean Cabrera
President Nicolás Maduro is not only the heir to the throne, but also to an economic crisis which demanded urgent measures to rectify the course. The crisis showed up in two aspects: a 50% inflation estimate, and shortage of staples ranging between 70% and 98%. These issues might hit the President's poor popularity; considering his feeble electoral victory of 1% over his challenger.