Saturday May 25, 2013 12:00 AM
• Pdvsa's refineries in Venezuela are Amuay, Cardón and Bajo Grande (which make up the Paraguaná Refining Center); Puerto La Cruz; El Palito and San Roque.
• At an international level, Lemont, Lake Charles and Corpus Christi, are part of CITGO in the United States. The refining capacity there is 749,000 bpd. Along with refineries Chalmette and Saint Croix (Hovensa), this total amounts to 1.08 million bpd for refining.
• In the Caribbean, there are 469,000 bpd in Isla, Camilo Cienfuegos, Petrojam and Refidomsa; in Curacao, Cuba, Jamaica and Dominican Republic. And in Europe, there are 4 refineries with Nynas AB in Sweden and Great Britain, amounting to 67,000 bpd.
Oil and gas; gold and diamonds; coltan, coal, iron, bauxite, copper: the Venezuelan economy is extractive, as it relies on taking mineral substances from the earth for sale or trade.