• Pdvsa's refineries in Venezuela are Amuay, Cardón and Bajo Grande (which make up the Paraguaná Refining Center); Puerto La Cruz; El Palito and San Roque.
• At an international level, Lemont, Lake Charles and Corpus Christi, are part of CITGO in the United States. The refining capacity there is 749,000 bpd. Along with refineries Chalmette and Saint Croix (Hovensa), this total amounts to 1.08 million bpd for refining.
• In the Caribbean, there are 469,000 bpd in Isla, Camilo Cienfuegos, Petrojam and Refidomsa; in Curacao, Cuba, Jamaica and Dominican Republic. And in Europe, there are 4 refineries with Nynas AB in Sweden and Great Britain, amounting to 67,000 bpd.
Around 1.5 million Venezuelans have decided to emigrate in search of a better future for their families. The figure accounts to between 4% and 6% of the overall population. Approximately 88% of these expatriates have made up their mind to emigrate over the last 15 years.