• Pdvsa's refineries in Venezuela are Amuay, Cardón and Bajo Grande (which make up the Paraguaná Refining Center); Puerto La Cruz; El Palito and San Roque.
• At an international level, Lemont, Lake Charles and Corpus Christi, are part of CITGO in the United States. The refining capacity there is 749,000 bpd. Along with refineries Chalmette and Saint Croix (Hovensa), this total amounts to 1.08 million bpd for refining.
• In the Caribbean, there are 469,000 bpd in Isla, Camilo Cienfuegos, Petrojam and Refidomsa; in Curacao, Cuba, Jamaica and Dominican Republic. And in Europe, there are 4 refineries with Nynas AB in Sweden and Great Britain, amounting to 67,000 bpd.
Alarmed because of the emotional breakdown suffered by his ally and his destiny; Fidel Castro requested asylum for deceased Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez in Madrid back on April 11, 2002. "The story had been much darker and more entangled than what some people's imagination has wanted to believe in and disclose," former Spain's President, José María Aznar, upholds in his autograph book published by late 2013.