• Pdvsa's refineries in Venezuela are Amuay, Cardón and Bajo Grande (which make up the Paraguaná Refining Center); Puerto La Cruz; El Palito and San Roque.
• At an international level, Lemont, Lake Charles and Corpus Christi, are part of CITGO in the United States. The refining capacity there is 749,000 bpd. Along with refineries Chalmette and Saint Croix (Hovensa), this total amounts to 1.08 million bpd for refining.
• In the Caribbean, there are 469,000 bpd in Isla, Camilo Cienfuegos, Petrojam and Refidomsa; in Curacao, Cuba, Jamaica and Dominican Republic. And in Europe, there are 4 refineries with Nynas AB in Sweden and Great Britain, amounting to 67,000 bpd.
A shipment of over 30,000 tons of phosphate arrived at Puerto Cabello port in late July on board the Shi Long Ling, a Chinese-flagged vessel that began its long journey in northern Africa. The cargo boat docked on July 26 after traveling more than 3,200 nautical miles. Undoubtedly, this would just be considered one in many cargo ships crisscrossing the oceans if it were not for the fact that Venezuela has denounced Western Sahara occupation by Morocco and yet purchases the territory's natural resource products from the occupying power.